EDB Ethylene Dibromide Chemical Pesticide, Fumigant
EDB Ethylene Dibromide - Products, Chemical Pesticide, Fumigant
Chemical Pesticides : Definition, Meaning, Herbicides, Resistance, In Food, In Water
EDB - Ethylene Dibromide is a chemical used as a pesticide and fumigant for grains and fruit, a solvent for resins, gums and waxes, In water-proofing preparations, In anti-knock gasoline mixtures, in dye making, In making drugs. it is a colorless, heavy organic liquid with a mildly sweet chloroform-like odor
Is EDB still in use?
- EDB was removed from use as a soil fumigant in the United States in 1983. It is still used in other applications
By what other names is EDB known?
- Synonyms and trade names for Ethylene Dibromide include: EDB, glycol dibromide, Bromofume, Dowfume W 85, Aadibroom, Iscobrome-D, Nefis, Pestmaster, EDB-85, Soilbrom, Soilfume, Kopfume, 1,2 -dibromoethane and Ethylene Bromide
Why is EDB being regulated?
- In 1974, the US Congress passed the Safe Drinking Water Act. This law requires EPA to determine safe levels of chemicals in drinking water, which do or may cause health problems
EDB (Ethylene dibro-mide) was marketed in the 1950's as an insecticide and a post-harvest fumigant for fruits, vegetables and grains. In 1984, it was banned by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) due to its carcinogenicity, mutagenicity and reproductive toxicity
What are the potential health effects?

Short-term: Damage to the liver, stomach, and adrenal glands along with significant reproductive system toxicity, particularly the testes.

Long-term: Damage to the respiratory system, nervous system, liver, heart, and kidneys; cancer
Will EDB hurt animals?
- EDB is known to cause reproductive problems in animals, and is an animal carcinogen. It is not known if animals are at the same risk as humans, due to differences in consumption, life-span, weight, and metabolism
Not all shallow wells are contaminated with EDB. The known areas of contamination are quite limited and tend to be near former application sites.
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